Mitosis and also meiosis space both processes by which cells reproduce, however there are distinctive differences in between the two. While new cells space generated during mitosis, meiosis is a special kind of cell department that to produce sex cells for reproduction. The two procedures were uncovered by various scientists. Meiosis was uncovered by German biologist Oscar Hertwig if German doctor Walther Flemming is attributed with the discovery of mitosis.
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The purpose of the Reproduction
Only sexually reproductive organisms utilize meiosis. The role of the procedure is to develop sex cells and to repair hereditary defects in germ line cells (the sex cells).
Both sexual and asexual organisms go v the process of mitosis. It wake up in the cells of the body known as the somatic cells and produces cells related to growth and repair. Mitosis is necessary for asexual reproduction, regeneration, and also growth. The does not make sex cell or gametes.
Number the Daughter Cells
In meiosis, 4 haploid cells containing half the quantity of chromosomes are produced at the finish of the process.
Alternatively, two diploid cells, containing 2 sets the chromosomes, are produced as a result of mitosis.
Composition that the Daughter Cells
The daughter cells created at the finish of meiosis are completely different indigenous the initial parent cell and also they include a mix that both the maternal and paternal genes, leading to hereditary diversity during sexual reproduction.
The daughter cells developed in mitosis room genetically the exact same as the original parent cell.
Phases of Reproduction the the Cells
Meiosis has actually two phases for the reproduction of cells which results in over there being 2 cell divisions. The very first phase consists of prophase ns - throughout which the most essential events the meiosis occur, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I, and cytokinesis. Throughout the second phase, these processes repeat again v the cells the were developed at the finish of the very first phase.
In mitosis, the cells divide just once and this is via one step which has steps such together prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase and also cytokinesis.
Pairing of Homologues
Meiosis entails the pairing the homologues, chromosomes comparable to other chromosomes, vice versa, mitosis involves no pairing that homologues.
Differences in Anaphase
During the anaphase of meiosis, the sisters chromatids execute not separate. In anaphase I, the chromosomes room double-stranded and in Anaphase II, castle are solitary stranded.
During anaphase in mitosis, the sister chromatids perform separate in ~ the centromeres and the chromosomes are single stranded.
Differences in Telophase
In mitosis, the spindle fibres recede totally during telophase, yet this is not the situation with telophase ns of meiosis. Also the nucleoli reappear in mitosis yet not in meiosis.
Mixing of Chromosomes
In meiosis, the chromosomes overcome over causing mixing. Mitosis, top top the other hand, does no involve crossing over of the chromosomes.
last Updated: Feb 26, 2019
Deborah holds a B.Sc. Degree in Chemistry indigenous the college of Birmingham and a Postgraduate Diploma in Journalism qualification indigenous Cardiff University. She enjoys writing about the recent innovations. Previously she has functioned as one editor of clinical patent information, an education journalist and also in interactions for put in order healthcare, medicine and technology organisations. She likewise loves books and has run a publication group for several years. Her enjoyment that fiction extend to composing her own stories because that pleasure.
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Fields, Deborah. 2019. Mitosis vs Meiosis. julianum.net, regarded 11 November 2021, https://www.julianum.net/life-sciences/Mitosis-vs-Meiosis.aspx.