First and foremost�.It is notwarmer in the summer due to the fact that we are closer come the Sun. Several people think this, yet it is justnot true. In fact, as soon as it is summer in Lenox, the planet is actually at itsfarthest allude from the Sun.

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So what reasons the seasons???

2 things

The tilt How straight the Sun�s rays are

The earth is tilted in ~ 23.5 ˚

The axis always points to Polaris

Polaris is knownas the north Star

The arrows to the right represent light rays native the sun. Due to the fact that the sunlight is so huge compared come the Earth, only the rays that come directly at earth will struggle it. The irradiate rays that room hitting the planet at 90 degrees are well-known as straight rays. Below they struggle the earth in the red area. Due to the fact that the planet is curved, not all light ray hit it directly. Irradiate rays that hit the earth at an edge are known as indirect rays (green area). Locations of the planet that space hit by direct rays space warmer than locations that are hit by indirect rays. The equator (yellow) is constantly hit by direct rays that the sun. This is why it is always warm there. The poles are always being fight by indirect rays. The is why it is cold there.


Take a look at the picture above. It mirrors the earth in different positions inits orbit. Polaris would certainly be way off tothe left. The earth can be separated into2 halves, a phibìc hemisphere and a south hemisphere. Because the tilt of the planet is always pointedin the exact same direction (toward Polaris), various hemispheres get an ext or lessdirect light ray at various times of the year.Look whereby it says �summer� above.The direct rays that the sun space hitting the northern hemisphere. Other than at the equator, the Southernhemisphere will only acquire indirect rays.This is why we have summer in June; the planet is in this position in itsorbit. In Australia,which is in the southern hemisphere, just indirect light is present, therefore theyexperience winter in June. On theopposite next of the orbit, wherein the diagram states �winter�, the Northernhemisphere is tilted away from the sun.The southern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun. This time, the south gets much more direct raysthan the North, so the is winter in the North and summer in the South.

During spring and fall, neither hemisphereis tilted more toward the Sun. Directrays hit only at the tropic zones near the equator.

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Indirect rays hit pretty much everywhereelse. Thus we have mildtemperatures in the north and south away from the equator.