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" data-tokenname="FirstPageImageBullets"> In 2015, around 684,000 teens aged 12 come 17 offered inhalants in the previous year.Adolescents were more likely than adults age 18 or larger to have actually used inhalants in the previous year to get high (2.7 vs. 0.4 percent).Female teens were more likely than male adolescents to have actually used inhalants in the past month (3.2 vs. 2.3 percent).In 2015, an ext than fifty percent of adolescents who provided inhalants in the previous year (59.0 percent) had used 1 come 11 job in the past year; about 1 in 5 (19.3 percent) had actually used 12 to 49 days.The types of inhalants teenagers used to gain high varied. Felt-tip pens/markers, or magic markers were the most generally identified types of inhalants teens used to acquire high in 2015.

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Inhalants are legal, day-to-day products—including spray paints, felt-tip markers, glue, and also gasoline—that are harmless when supplied as intended. However, once the vapors from these commodities are purposely inhaled to acquire high, they become potentially toxic and sometimes lethal.1 Inhalants, which space breathed in through the nose or mouth in a selection of ways, are soaked up quickly through the lungs right into the bloodstream. The user experiences a rapid however short-lived intoxication. Understanding the characteristics of human being who interact in inhalant use is crucial to assessing plans intended to reduce inhalant use.

The nationwide Survey on drug Use and also Health (NSDUH) collection information about inhalant use. NSDUH is an annual survey of the U.S. Civilian, noninstitutionalized populace aged 12 year or older and is the primary source for statistical information on illicit drug use, alcohol use, substance usage disorders, and also mental health and wellness issues. Among NSDUH"s strengths is the large, country representative sample, which allows for the check of low-prevalence behaviors, such together inhalant use, and certain U.S. Subgroups such together adolescents. NSDUH is a face-to-face family members interview survey that is fielded repetitively throughout a year. NSDUH asks respondents aged 12 or older come report on their usage of inhalants throughout the past year and also past month. Inhalants are identified in NSDUH together "liquids, sprays, and also gases that civilization sniff or breathe to get high or to do them feeling good."2 NSDUH likewise asks about the number of days inhalants were provided in the previous year and also the kind of inhalant used among past year users.


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In this concern of The CBHSQ Report, 2015 NSDUH data are provided to discover inhalant usage in the joined States among those aged 12 or older. The report then examines inhalant use among teenagers aged 12 to 17 and also describes estimates by demographic and also geographic characteristics. As component of the focus on adolescent inhalant use, the report provides approximates of the specific varieties of inhalants use by adolescents and the frequency of inhalant use. The approximates are based upon a complete sample size of 68,073 world aged 12 or older, consisting of 16,911 adolescents. All differences discussed in this report room statistically significant at the .05 level.


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To understand inhalant use among teens aged 12 come 17, the is advantageous to study the pervasiveness of inhalant use among teens compared with other period groups. In 2015, around 1.8 million people aged 12 or older offered inhalants in the past year to gain high. This number to represent 0.7 percent the the populace aged 12 or older. The percentage of past year inhalant usage in 2015 was higher among adolescents aged 12 to 17 than among adults age 18 or larger (2.7 vs. 0.4 percent) (data no shown).

Of the 1.8 million civilization aged 12 or enlarge who supplied inhalants in the past year to get high, around 684,000 were teens aged 12 to 17. As shown in figure 1, past year inhalant use normally decreases with age. Because that example, the percent of 12- or 13-year-olds who provided inhalants in the past year was higher than the percentages for 16- or 17-year-olds and every one of the various other older age groups. Similarly, the portion of 16- or 17-year-olds who supplied inhalants in the previous year was comparable to the percentage of 18- to 20-year-olds, and also the percentage of 18- to 20-year-olds utilizing inhalants was similar to the percentage of 21- come 25-year-olds. Although the portion of 14- or 15-year-olds making use of inhalants was similar to the percent for 12- or 13-year-olds, the percentage of teenagers aged 14 or 15 who provided inhalants in the past year was greater than the percentages for the other period groups.


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Figure 1. Previous year inhalant use among people age 12 or older, by period group: 2015


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* Difference between this estimate and the calculation for those age 12 or 13 is statistically far-ranging at the .05 level.

Source: julianum.net, center for behavior Health Statistics and Quality, nationwide Survey on drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 2015.


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In the following sections, the qualities of teenagers who connect in inhalant use are examined and also the frequency of adolescent usage of inhalants is also examined. This type of information provides a structure of reference for knowledge why inhalant usage is of particular concern because that adolescents, i beg your pardon subgroups within the adolescent populace are much more likely to use inhalants, and what is the size of adolescent inhalant use. 


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Figure 2. Past year inhalant use among adolescents aged 12 to 17, by gender: 2015


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* Difference between males and also females is statistically significant at the .05 level.

Source: julianum.net, facility for behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, nationwide Survey on medicine Use and Health (NSDUH), 2015.


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When analyzing substance usage among teens aged 12 to 17, over there are frequently subgroups in ~ the adolescent populace that appear to have a greater risk of substance use. Because that example, adolescent males are more likely than adolescent females to use hallucinogens.3 regarding inhalant use, adolescent females were an ext likely come be past year inhalant individuals than adolescent males (3.2 vs. 2.3 percent, respectively) (Figure 2). Also, substance usage differs when examined by race/ethnicity or where teens live in the nation. The percentages of adolescents who provided inhalants in the past year to acquire high were comparable regardless that race/ethnicity or geography. Previous year inhalant use among adolescents was 2.7 percent because that Blacks, 2.6 percent for Whites and teens of 2 or an ext races, and 4.6 percent among American ind or Alaska Natives (Table S1).4

The percentages of teenagers using inhalants to gain high to be 2.7 percent in the Northeast, 2.6 percent in the Midwest, 2.6 percent in the South, and also 3.1 percent in the West (Table S1).5 there were additionally no statistically significant differences in the percentages of previous year inhalant usage (Table S1) depending upon whether adolescents lived in countryside or urban areas.6 because that example, the percentage in the largest metropolitan areas was 2.9 percent, and also 2.5 percent of teens in fully rural areas indicated that they had used inhalants in the previous year to obtain high. All demographic comparisons within the adolescent population should it is in reevaluated with additional years that data to identify whether differences end up being statistically significant when approximates are based upon a bigger sample.


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Figure 3. Number of days offered inhalants in the past year among adolescents who provided inhalants in the previous year: 2015


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Source: julianum.net, center for behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, national Survey on drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 2015.


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As previously noted, the huge majority of teens (97.3 percent) walk not usage inhalants in the previous year to get high; however, it is additionally important to know the frequency the use among the 2.7 percent of adolescents who did use inhalants to get high. As displayed in figure 3, over there is considerable variation in how often adolescents used inhalants in the previous year. In 2015, an ext than half of teens aged 12 to 17 who provided inhalants in the past year (59.0 percent) had actually used inhalants ~ above 1 to 11 job in the previous year, and around 1 in 5 teenagers who offered inhalants (19.3 percent) indicated that they had used inhalants top top 12 to 49 job in the previous year. About 1 in 7 adolescents who were past year inhalant users had actually used ~ above 50 to 99 days in the previous year. Around 1 in 13 teenagers who provided inhalants in the previous year had used inhalants top top 100 or more days in the previous year.


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Because castle are conveniently available, inhalants are often amongst the first drugs that adolescents use.1 As formerly mentioned, inhalants space often household items that teenagers would have ready accessibility to at house or school. NSDUH asks teenagers to recognize the specific inhalants lock have ever (i.e., offered at the very least once in your lifetime) to acquire high. Once measuring inhalant use, the NSDUH questionnaire instructs respondent to exclude times once they inhaled a problem accidentally— such as once painting, clean an oven, or pour it until it is full a car with gasoline.

Of the twelve different varieties of inhalants the NSDUH respondents were asked about using, felt-tip pens/markers or magic markers to be the most typically identified kind of inhalant provided by adolescents to acquire high. About 6.7 percent of teens have supplied felt-tip pens/markers to gain high. In contrast, less than two percent of adolescents reported having ever used every of the various other substances to obtain high (Figure 4).


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Figure 4. Life time use that inhalants among teens aged 12 to 17, by type: 2015


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Source: julianum.net, center for behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, national Survey on drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 2015.


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Inhalants are extremely accessible, cheap, and also easy to hide; lock are likewise addictive and also deadly. Inhalants are specifically appealing to adolescents for numerous reasons; they are legal, low cost, and easy to acquire.7 In addition, inhalants can provide users a fast but short-term high, which makes it easy for adolescents to usage inhalants and conceal your use.1,7 using inhalants is likewise associated through many an adverse outcomes. Adolescents who communicate in inhalant use space at an increased risk the delinquency, depression, suicidal thoughts, and also drug and also alcohol use.7 Inhalants additionally have the special danger of being deadly any type of time they room used—even the very first time.1

Although this report highlights that the bulk (97.3 percent) of adolescents aged 12 to 17 have actually not supplied inhalants in the past year to acquire high, there to be the 684,000 teenagers who walk use inhalants in the past year to get high. The results in this report underscore that teenagers of all race/ethnicities, throughout the country, and in rural and also metropolitan setups are fragile to inhalant use. Therefore, proceeding efforts are necessary to education adolescents, parents, teachers, physicians, organization providers, and also policymakers about the dangers and also health risks of inhalant use. For much more information on the dangers of inhalant use, visit http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/inhalant-abuse. Julianum.net provides information for adolescents about the dangers linked with inhalant use: https://store.julianum.net/shin/content//PHD631/PHD631.pdf 


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Table S1. Previous year inhalant usage among teens aged 12 come 17, by race/ethnicity, region, and urbanicity: 2015


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* estimates for native Hawaiian or various other Pacific Islander space suppressed because of low precision.

Source: julianum.net, center for behavior Health Statistics and also Quality, national Survey on medicine Use and Health (NSDUH), 2015.


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1. Nationwide Institute on drug Abuse. (2012). Drug facts: Inhalants. Retrieved indigenous https://www.drugabuse.gov/sites/default/files/dfinhalants_1.pdf

2. The category of inhalants asked about in NSDUH space (1) amyl nitrite, "poppers," locker room odorizers, or "rush"; (2) convey fluid, degreaser, or clean fluid; (3) petrol or lighter fluid; (4) glue, shoes polish, or toluene; (5) halothane, ether, or other anesthetics; (6) lacquer diluent or other paint solvents; (7) lighter gases, such as butane or propane; (8) nitrous oxide or "whippits"; (9) felt-tip pens/markers, or magic markers; (10) spray paints; (11) computer keyboard cleaner, additionally known as air duster; (12) some other aerosol spray; and (13) any kind of other inhalant as well as the ones that have been listed. In 2015, the NSDUH estimate of inhalant usage was increased to encompass the use of felt-tip pens or computer keyboard cleaner to acquire high. As such change, estimates of inhalant usage in 2015 space not compared with estimates in former years.

3. These estimates are not had in figures or tables in this report however may be found in Table 1.52B in the 2015 NSDUH detailed tables: facility for behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2016). Results native the 2015 national Survey on medicine Use and also Health: comprehensive tables. Rockville, MD: problem Abuse and also Mental wellness Services Administration. Retrieved from https://julianum.net/data/

4. NSDUH asks a series of questions about race/ethnicity. First, respondents space asked about their spain origin, then they room asked to recognize which gyeongju group ideal describes them: White, black color or afri American, American Indian or Alaska Native, aboriginal Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, Asian, or other. Respondents might select more than one race. Because respondents might choose more than one gyeongju group, a "two or more races" classification is had for human being who reported much more than one group (i.e., White and Black or african American). Except for the spain or Latino group, the racial/ethnic groups include only non-Hispanics. The spain or Latino group includes Hispanics of any type of race.

5. Result are questioned for four U.S. Geographical regions. The West has 13 states: AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA, and also WY. The South has 16 states plus the ar of Columbia: AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, and also WV. The Northeast has 9 states: CT, MA, ME, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, and VT. The Midwest has 12 states: IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, and also WI.

6. Counties were grouped based upon the 2013 Rural-Urban continuous Codes arisen by the U.S. Room of Agriculture. Nonmetropolitan counties in the 3 urban-sized category were more subdivided by whether the county was adjacent to one or much more metropolitan areas. A nonmetropolitan county was defined as nearby if the physically adjoined one or more metropolitan areas and also had at least 2 percent that its employed labor pressure commuting to main metropolitan counties. Nonmetropolitan counties the did not accomplish these criteria to be classed as nonadjacent. Metropolitan and also nonmetropolitan categories to be subdivided right into three metropolitan and also six nonmetropolitan categories, leading to a nine-part ar codification. Huge metropolitan statistical locations (MSAs) (large metropolitan) have actually a total populace of 1 million or more. Tiny MSAs (small metropolitan) have a total populace of fewer 보다 1 million. Nonmetropolitan counties were classified according to the aggregate size the their city population. Nonmetropolitan areas include counties in micropolitan statistical areas and counties outside of metropolitan and micropolitan statistics areas. The Office the Management and Budget characterized nonmetropolitan counties according to (1) the size of the populace in urbanized areas within the county (i.e., a populace of 20,000 or more in urbanized areas, a populace of at the very least 2,500 however fewer 보다 20,000 in urbanized areas, or a population of fewer than 2,500 in urbanized areas); and also (2) whether this counties were surrounding or not nearby to a urban area. Because that NSDUH, these nonmetropolitan categories to be categorized together "urbanized," "less urbanized," and also "completely rural." The terms "urbanized," "less urbanized," and also "completely rural" because that counties space not based on the relative proportion the the county populace in urbanized areas, however they room instead based upon the absolute dimension of the population in urbanized areas. Because that example, some counties classified together "less urbanized" had more than 50 percent that the county population residing in urbanized areas, yet this portion represented fewer 보다 20,000 civilization in the county.

7. Kurtzman, T. L., Otsuka, K. N., & Wahl, R. A. (2001). Inhalant abuse by adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 28(3), 170–180.


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Lipari, R.N. Understanding adolescent inhalant use. The CBHSQ Report: June 13, 2017. Center for behavioral Health Statistics and also Quality, substance Abuse and also Mental health and wellness Services Administration, Rockville, MD.


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Background: Inhalants room legal, daily products—including spray paints, felt-tip markers, glue, and gasoline—that are harmless when provided as intended; once the vapors indigenous these commodities are deliberately inhaled to get high, they become potentially toxic and sometimes lethal. Method: This report offers data indigenous the 2015 national Survey on medicine Use and also Health to provide up-to-date information on inhalant usage among teenagers aged 12 come 17, including demographic and also geographic features of inhalant users. Results: In 2015, around 684,000 adolescents aged 12 to 17 provided inhalants in the previous year. Teens were more likely than adults age 18 or larger to have used inhalants in the past year to gain high (2.7 vs. 0.4 percent). The types of inhalants teens used to acquire high varied. Felt-tip pens/markers, or magic markers were the most generally identified types of inhalants adolescents used to acquire high in 2015. Female teenagers were much more likely 보다 male teens to have used inhalants in the previous month (3.2 vs. 2.3 percent). In 2015, an ext than fifty percent of teenagers who offered inhalants in the previous year (59.0 percent) reported the they had used 1 come 11 work in the past year; around 1 in 54 (19.3 percent) had actually used 12 to 49 days. Conclusion: The results in this report underscore that teenagers of every race/ethnicities, across the country, and in rural and also metropolitan setups are delicate to inhalant use. Therefore, proceeding efforts are essential to educate adolescents, parents, teachers, physicians, business providers, and policymakers about the dangers and health threats of inhalant use.

Keywords: nationwide Survey on drug Use and also Health, NSDUH, inhalant use, adolescent, inhalant


period Group, Gender, brief Report, population Data, Parents and Caregivers, prevention Professionals, teens as population Group, Drug use Trends, Research and Methodology, Inhalants, all US says Only, county Type, 2015

The substance Abuse and Mental wellness Services management (julianum.net) is the agency within the U.S. Room of Health and Human solutions that leads public health efforts to advancement the behavior health the the nation. Julianum.net"s mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and also mental illness on America"s communities.

The national Survey on drug Use and Health (NSDUH) is an yearly survey sponsored by The problem Abuse and also Mental health and wellness Services management (julianum.net). The 2015 NSDUH data offered in this report are based upon information obtained from 68,073 people aged 12 or older, including 16,911 adolescents. The inspection collects data through administering questionnaires to a representative sample of the population through face-to-face interviews in ~ their ar of residence.

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The NSDUH Report is all set by The center for behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ), julianum.net, and by RTI worldwide in research Triangle Park, north Carolina. (RTI worldwide is a trade name of research Triangle Institute.)

Information ~ above the most recent NSDUH is easily accessible in the following publication:

Center for behavior Health Statistics and Quality. (2016). Crucial substance use and also mental health indicators in the united States: outcomes from the 2015 National Survey on drug Use and also Health (HHS publication No. SMA 16-4984, NSDUH series H-51).