Formula and also structure: The chemical formula of sulfuric mountain is H2SO4 and its molecular weight is 98.079 g/mol. The chemical framework is displayed below. The sulfur atom is bound to two oxygen atom through dual bonds, and two hydroxyl groups (OH) through solitary bonds. It is a diprotic acid, together it can release two protons.

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Occurrence: Sulfuric mountain is developed naturally by oxidation of sulfide minerals in rocks. Dilute sulfuric mountain is also formed in the setting by oxidation of sulfur dioxide (from burn of fuels) in the visibility of moisture, eventually precipitating as "acid rain".

Preparation: Sulfuric mountain is prepared commercially by the reaction that water with sulfur trioxide.

SO3 + H2O → H2SO4

Sulfur trioxide (SO3) is formed by the reaction of sulfur dioxide and also oxygen catalyzed by vanadium oxide, through the contact procedure or the room process.

Physical properties: H2SO4 is a colorless or slightly yellow viscous liquid v a pungent odor. It has actually a thickness of 1.84 g/mL, boiling allude of 337 °C, and also melting allude of 10 °C. "Concentrated" sulfuric acid is 98% in water, and also is the many stable form. Plenty of other concentrations, with various names, are available for various purposes. Battery acid is 29–32%, chamber acid is 62-70%, and tower acid is 78-80%.

Chemical properties: Sulfuric mountain is a really strong, diprotic acid. That is hygroscopic and readily absorbs humidity from air. That is a an effective oxidizing agent and reacts with plenty of metals in ~ high temperatures. Focused H2SO4 is additionally a solid dehydrating agent. Enhancement of water to focused sulfuric acid is a really exothermic reaction and also can cause explosions.

Uses: Sulfuric mountain has plenty of uses in different industries, such as mineral processing, petroleum refining, fertilizer production, wastewater processing, etc. It is additionally used in the production of clean agents, dyes, pigments, drugs, detergents, and explosives. The is frequently used together the electrolyte in lead-acid batteries.

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Health hazards/ wellness effects: concentrated H2SO4 is extremely corrosive, and can severely damage tissues ~ above contact. Gift a solid acid, oxidizer, corrosive agent and dehydrating agent, that is much more dangerous 보다 the other mineral acids. It causes severe chemical burns top top skin contact. Call with eyes have the right to lead to permanent damage and also blindness. Ingestion of the acid can also lead come death.