All pets have a particular term that refers to the young and also babies. Equines are no exception. Still, it have the right to be daunting to know exactly what to call a baby horse because the industry has actually quite a few terms that define different species of steed babies.

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In this article, we are going to walk over all that terminology so that you can more confidently use horse age terminology. We will begin by looking at the basic name for infant horses, and then look at at an ext specific terminology that relates come age and gender.

Let’s get started.

What carry out You contact a infant Horse?

If you watch a baby horse under the period of one, that is dubbed a foal. The does not issue if this baby equine is a boy or girl. The name foal simply tells friend the age of the horse, which is that it is a newborn baby that is under the age of one. If only things were as an easy as call a baby steed a foal. There is various other terminology the you require to understand in order to attend to a horse more confidently by its age and also gender:

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Horse period Terminology to Know:

Term Definition
FoalBaby steed under the period of one
WeanlingFoal who has recently stopped nursing, under the age of one
YearlingFoal between its first and second birthday
ColtMale foal that is not yet 4 year old
Filly Female foal that is not yet 4 year old
Stallion Adult male
StudAdult male for breeding
GeldingCastrated adult male
MareAdult female
BroodmareAdult female for breeding

Weanling vs. Yearling

Whereas a foal is a horse under the age of one, a weanling is a foal that has stopped parenting recently. This frequently occurs anytime the foal is around six month old.

Once a horse has reached its an initial birthday, that is referred to as a yearling. If a steed is a yearling, it method it is over the period of one yet under the age of two. Both state weanling and also yearling have the right to be supplied for males or females.

In both of these cases, the steed is still really young, but it no quite and also adult yet. The terms weanling and yearling simply tell you specifically how old the steed is and what phase of life it is in.

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Male vs. Females

Foals are also distinguished by your gender. This wake up whenever the steed is in between the eras of two and four. During this age, the equine is still not a finish adult, yet it is old enough that it is finally out the the baby stage.

For male equines that are in between two and also four years of age, they are referred to as colts. In contrast, females that this period group are referred to as fillies. You can technically use this terminology prior to the steed is that the period of two, however you most most likely hear this terms offered when the equines are in between two and four.


After horses have actually reached their 4th birthday, lock are lastly adults. At that point, males are referred to as stallions and females are referred to as mares. If the masculine is castrated, it will certainly be referred to as a gelding. Males used for reproduction are called studs, conversely, females for reproduction are dubbed broodmares.


More Information about Foals

Image Credit: rihaij, PixabayFoals are actually quite interesting. Here are some funny facts around foals and also horse breeding:

Foals have the right to start walking one hour after ~ birth. Most steeds are over the age of two prior to they room ridden. The horse’s gestation bicycle is eleven months long. Breeders try to have actually their foals born as closely to the start of the year as possible. A horse’s age is calculated by using January first as its global birthday. If the mother is having a complicated birth, that is referred to as dystocia, and it have the right to lead come the mother’s and the baby’s death, and a barren future if she survives. Foals and ponies are not the very same thing.

Final Thoughts

If you desire to describe all baby equines under the period of one, friend simply contact them a foal. Together the equine ages, the ax transitions native a weanling to a yearling. Then, you start hearing gender-specific terms, such together colt, filly, stallion, stud, gelding, mare, and also broodmare.

If girlfriend aren’t making use of these state perfectly, don’t worry. This terms are provided much much more fluidly than you would expect. What matters most is the you recognize when a horse has actually reached adulthood. Adulthood is as soon as the horse can reproduce and race.

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So lengthy as you don’t say “baby horse” and also opt because that the much more correct hatchet “foal” instead, most civilization will no ask questions or raise any eyebrows around the terminology used.