Presentation ~ above theme: "Key worries How do geographers define where points are? Why is each allude on planet unique? Why are various places similar? Why are some human being actions."— Presentation transcript:

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2 vital Issues just how do geographers define where points are? Why is each allude on earth unique? Why are different places similar? Why space some human actions not sustainable?

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3 finding out Outcomes 1.2.1: identify geographic qualities of places, consisting of toponym, site, and also situation. 1.2.2: determine the three varieties of regions. 1.2.3: describe two geographic definitions of culture.

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4 Why Is Each allude on planet Unique?A ar is a specific point top top Earth distinguished by a details characteristic. Describing the attributes of a location is vital building block for geographers to define similarities, differences, and changes throughout Earth. Geographers define a feature’s location on planet by identifying its location, the position that something occupies on earth surface.

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5 Why Is Each suggest on earth Unique?Location have the right to be figured out in 3 ways. Place Names A toponym is the name offered to a place on Earth. Names derived from civilization of prominence, spiritual affiliation, physical features, or beginnings of its inhabitants Site website is the physical character that a place. Characteristics include climate, water sources, topography, soil, vegetation, latitude, and also elevation. Case Situation is the location of a location relative to other places. Instance is most crucial for finding an unfamiliar place and also for understanding a place’s importance, or, in other words, link to various other places, such together Interstate highways or rivers.

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6 Why Is Each suggest on earth Unique?Region: A unique Area an area top top Earth characterized by one or much more distinctive characteristics is a region. Many often used at 2 scales spanning political says Constrained in ~ one politics state. A an ar derives its linked character with the cultural landscape─a mix of cultural, religious, and also physical features. “Culture is the agent, the organic area the medium, the social landscape is the result.” – Carl O. Sauer, American Geographer

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7 Why Is Each point on earth Unique?Region: A unique Area Geographers identify three species of regions. Formal an ar (aka uniform region or homogeneous region) one area in which everyone shares in typical one or an ext distinctive qualities Ex. Usual language, financial activity, or climate Characteristic might be primary rather 보다 universal. Montana is an example of a official region. The north American Wheat Belt is a formal region in i m sorry wheat is the most commonly grown crop, however other plants are get an impression there together well.

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8 number 1-17 formal REGIONS The three maps present the winner by an ar in the (left) 2004, (center) 2008, and (right) 2012 presidential elections. The extensive locations of assistance for democracy (blue) and Republicans (red) are instances of formal regions. (left) In 2004, Democrat john Kerry won many of the says in the Northeast, top Midwest, and also Pacific shore regions, while Republican George W. Bush won the remaining regions. (center) In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama won the election by recording some states in areas that had actually been won entirely by the Republican 4 years earlier. (right) In 2012, Democrat Obama won reelection due to the fact that he carried almost the exact same states as four years earlier.

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9 Why Is Each allude on planet Unique?Region: A unique Area Geographers identify three species of regions. Functional region (aka nodal region) an area organized around a node or focal point The characteristic chosen to define a functional an ar dominates at a main focus or node and also diminishes in prominence outward. Ex. Circulation that a newspaper, such together The new York time Vernacular an ar (aka perceptual region) an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity. Ex. The American south is a region individuals recognize as having unique environmental, cultural, and also economic preferences. Functional region – brand-new technology is break down traditional functional regions, due to the fact that the Internet and also satellite dish tv reach patrons farther and also farther away from a main node. Vernacular an ar – A useful way to recognize perceptual regions is to get someone to attract a mental map, which is a inner representation of a portion of earth surface, together one awareness it.

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10 figure 1-19 VERNACULAR regions The south is popularly distinguished as a distinct vernacular an ar within the unified States, according to a number of factors, such together mild climate, propensity for farming cotton, and also importance that the Baptist Church.

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11 Why Is Each suggest on earth Unique?Regions of society Culture is the body of customary beliefs, material traits, and social creates that together constitute the unique tradition the a group of people. Origin of word, culture, is the Latin cultus, which means “to treatment for.” Two meanings To care around To care of

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12 Why Is Each allude on earth Unique?Regions of society Geographers examine both meanings of culture. Culture: What people Care around Geographers examine why the customary ideas, beliefs, and also values the a people produce a distinctive society in a certain place. Particularly important social values derive from a group’s language, religion, and ethnicity. Culture: What people Take treatment Of The second element of society of attention is production of product wealth, such together food, clothing, and shelter that people need in order to survive and thrive. Geographers have the right to answer questions, such together why some locations have high cancer rates, by searching for spatial associations with the distributions of social traits.

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13 number 1-21 SPATIAL combination On the nationwide scale, the great Lakes and also South regions have greater cancer rates than the West. ~ above the range of the state the Maryland, the eastern region has a greater cancer rate than the western region. On the metropolitan scale, southern and also western communities of Baltimore City have greater cancer prices than northwestern ones.


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Geographers try to know the factor for such variations.

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